Full record for spacewoman n.

Definition a female space traveler
OED requirements antedating 1939
Earliest cite Nelson S. Bond, "The Mercurian Menace"
Comment Douglas Winston submitted a cite from a reprint of A. Bertram Chandler's "The Rim of Space"; Mike Christie verified the cite in the 1959 first magazine appearance.
Fred Galvin submitted a 1951 cite from Lester del Rey's "The Deadliest Female".
Fred Galvin submitted a 1939 cite for the plural, "spacewomen", from Nelson S. Bond's "The Mercurian Menace"

Earliest cite in the OED: 1962.
Earliest cite in Brave New Words: 1951

Last modified 14 July, 2009

Citations for spacewoman n.

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1939 N.S. Bond Mercurian Menace in Dynamic Sci. Stories Feb. 62/2 I didn't think any one man could be all they told me, back on Earth, that you were. All right, Mr. Carson—I will get that report myself. I'll show you whether spacewomen are fools.
1951 L. del Rey Deadliest Female in Worlds Beyond Feb. 29 He looked at her insignia, knowing Spacewomen were never promoted higher than lieutenants—his own rank—since they were automatically retired at thirty-five.
1951 L. del Rey Deadliest Female in Worlds Beyond Feb. 37 Then someone threw open the door, and he looked up to see a Spacewoman standing there.
1959 A. B. Chandler To Run Rim in Astounding Sci. Fiction Jan. 22/1 Almost all of them raised their mugs to the spaceman and spacewoman in salutation.
1970 P. Anderson Tau Zero (1973) 8 Here civilian garments were more stylish than was common on a spacewoman.
1970 A. McCaffrey Ship who Sang (1991) iii. 62 Shoulder-length hair was the common fashion among spacewomen.