Full record for space biology n.

Definition the study of biology in outer space
OED requirements antedating 1953
Earliest cite Hugo Gernsback, 'Science-Fiction Sematics'
Comment Bill Mullins submitted an October 1957 cite from a news article in The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Fred Galvin submitted a 1953 cite from an article by Hugo Gernsback, "Science-Fiction Semantics"

Earliest cite in the OED database: 1960

Last modified 6 July, 2008

Citations for space biology n.

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1953 H. Gernsback Sci.-Fiction Semantics in Sci.-Fiction + Aug. 2/1 As new situations develop in science-fiction, as science progresses, new terms must be coined. Thus in 1911 the writer probably was the first to use the words space-flyer, space flying, space sickness, anti-gravitator, and many other words in common use today. Although the vocabulary of modern science-fiction is rich today, it is nothing compared with what it will become during the next 25 years. It is also true that science-fiction authors and scientists launch terms that never should have been used. As an example, one might cite a recent addition: space-medicine. To us, this is an unfortunate term, because medicine implies the curing or mitigation of disease.Space-medicine is constantly being used to investigate man's reactions to free fall and other phenomena, which have nothing to do with disease per se. In our opinion, the correct term is:space-biology.
1957 H. C. Allison News Roundup in Bull. Atomic Scientists Oct. 311/2 A series of experiments with live animals (monkeys, albino mice, black rats) was conducted by the Space Biology Branch of the Holloman Air Development Center, New Mexico, in 1954.