Full record for science fantasy n.

Definition a genre of science fiction characterized by phenomena which are thought to be scientifically impossible (such as time travel or FTL drives); soft science fiction
OED requirements antedating 1950
Earliest cite W. Gillings in Science-Fantasy
Comment Fred Galvin submitted a cite from an undated reprint of Robert Silverberg's "Voyagers in Time". Mike Christie submitted a 1950 cite from the first issue of the magazine "Science Fantasy". Malcolm Farmer submitted a 1974 cite from a reprint of "William Atheling's" (James Blish's) 1970 "More Issues at Hand". Malcolm Farmer submitted a cite from a 1975 reprint of Brian Aldiss' 1973 "Billion Year Spree". Fred Galvin submitted a 1951 cite from Groff Conklin's "Possible Worlds of Science Fiction".

We would like cites of any date from other authors.

Last modified 6 July, 2008

Citations for science fantasy n.

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1932 F. J. Ackerman Let. in Astounding Stories Nov. 282/2 Announcement Science Fictional: the Fantasy Fans Fraternity!Science-fantasy differs from the usual run of book and magazinefiction in many ways but primarily in the unflagging loyalty and alertinterest of its many followers. No other class of readers can comparein these respects with genuine Science Fiction fans. It is for themthat the Fantasy Fans Fraternity is being launched.There are no restrictions; no recommendations are needed. Girls, boys,men, women, may join freely. All lovers of the diverse forms offantasy are invited. (This goes for you Strange Tales readers, too!)There are no dues or fees of any kind, except for a very nominalcharge (only a trifle more than a new copy of the magazine you are nowreading) for a membership card. This card allows the Fraternizersspecial privileges and derives them much benefit.
1935 F. Ackerman Scientifilm News in Wonder Stories Oct. 637/2 All the details are contained monthly in FANTASY Magazine, the mirror of the science-fantasy world, whose address is 87-36—162d St., Jamaica, New York.
1936 W. Conover in Sci.-Fantasy Correspondent Nov.–Dec. (title) Science-Fantasy Correspondent.
1938 Tales of Wonder No. 2 123 (advt.) This little publication will bring you reliable news of what is happening in the sphere of science-fantasy.
1943 P. S. Miller Fricassee in Four Dimensions in Astounding Sci. Fiction Dec. 67/2 ‘I read a couple of books one time, about the way I am and stuff like that. Fourth-dimension stuff. Tesseracts, and that. You ever seen it?’ I had. I've read my share of science fantasies.
1946 G. Conklin Best of Sci. Fiction Introd. p. xv, So hopelessly fantastic did The Great War Syndicate seem then and later that it dropped into a kind of honorable obscurity. Until recently it was remembered only by science-fiction pioneers like H. G. Wells, who has given Stockton credit for helping him along the road which eventually resulted in The Time Machine , The War of the Worlds , and his other famous science fantasies.
1947 W. Gillings in Fantasy Rev. Feb.–Mar. 1 If your experience of science-fantasy goes back to the days when a magazine devoted to it was a rare discovery you will probably remember Scientifiction—The British Fantasy Review.
1950 L. Carter Letter in Thrilling Wonder Stories Oct. 146/1 Best news in aeons is the Return of Hankuttner in the next issue! Hope it's another bang-up science-fantasy for a change. Kutt hasn't given us a really good one since THE TIME AXIS.
1950 W. Gillings in Science-Fantasy Summer 3/1 If few had faith in an inner world, there were thousands who believed in 1835 that there was a world of green mountains and blue lakes in the Moon‥and of flying men! Richard Adams Locke's science-fantasy, better known as The Moon Hoax , was presented in the New York Sun in such clever style that it seemed gospel truth—at least for a week or so. More recently, New Yorkers exhibited no less belief in Mr. Wells' invading Martians, as dispensed by radio by Mr. Welles. And the Flying Saucers? Space-ships, and little men from Venus‥? Truly, science-fantasy has a potency which does not always depend on its plausibility; for its dreams very often come true. Science-fantasy which is—intentionally—fiction. Science-fantasy which is—or might well be—fact. In this new magazine we shall be concerned with it in all its forms: with its significant ideas, its surprising prophecies, its sheer fictions, its evolution as a fascinating literature. We shall present both facts and fancies. Hence—science- fantasy.
1951 ‘H. H. Holmes’ Rocket to Morgue 114 There was the agent Phryn. He was unobtrusive enough save for his fruitless endeavors to wangle a private conference with Hilary Foulkes and for an oddly dominant, whip-hand quality in his attitude toward Vance Wimpole; but Hugo Chantrelle disliked the presence, even the existence of agents. They reminded him that writers (even, or perhaps especially, writers of science fantasy) are commercial workers, when he preferred to think of them as free souls, as soaringly independent as, thanks to the canny marriage of his grandmother, was he himself.
1951 G. Conklin in Possible Worlds Sci. Fiction 177 For the last story on the Solar System, one has been chosen which many people will call science fantasy rather than science fiction. It is obviously unlike any other story in this book, for it deals with a world which man, by his very nature as living matter composed of chemical bonds, will never be able to explore, and a life form the existence of which he never will be able to prove (or disprove). For the world is the Sun, and the life form a sort of energy-being beside which the Cones described in Frank Belknap Long's story are simple and understandable constructions.
1952 M. Gardner In Name Science 272 The amazing story behind Excaliber was revealed by Arthur J. Cox in the July, 1952, issue of Science-Fiction Advertiser , a magazine published by science-fantasy fans in Glendale, California.
1952 M. Gardner In Name Science 51 A few Fortean terms like ‘teleportation’ have become staple science-fantasy property, but in general his ideas have proved too mundane to serve as useful story gimmicks.
1953 S. Moskowitz book reviews in Sci.-Fiction + Dec. 65/1 One of the unquestioned titans of fantasy fiction was A. Merritt. His mastery was evidenced most strongly in his tales which may be defined loosely as science-fantasies, stories which have some basis in scientific fact, but which would not qualify under any tight definition of science-fiction.
1953 Science-Fiction + Dec. 65/1 One of the unquestioned titans of fantasy fiction was A. Merritt. His mastery was evidenced most strongly in his tales which may be defined loosely as science-fantasies, stories which have some basis in scientific fact, but which would not qualify under any tight definition of science-fiction.
1955 ‘W. Tenn’ Of All Possible Worlds Introd. 9 Such a critic would not hesitate to label such luminaries in the field as Sturgeon and Bradbury as ordinary commercial writers who happen to specialize in science fantasy and who, as such, are more interested in a continuous production of material of proved saleability than in the steady derivation from their work of new, unfamiliar, and possibly unpopular creative azimuths.
1956 J. Merril Year's Greatest Sci.-Fiction and Fantasy 345 Science-fantasy has long outgrown both its worship of machines and its fear of emotion. Where emphasis once was on the mechanical sciences, it has shifted now to the psychological; where Scientific Progress was once the unquestioned goal, the more usual objective now is to question just what sort of progress might offer the most satisfaction for human needs.
1957 S. Moskowitz 1957 in Mag. Fantasy & Sci. Fiction Feb. 66/1 The rise of H. G. Wells with his The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, and When the Sleeper Wakes, towards the end of the 19th century, found him inheriting that term along with the frequent use of SCIENTIFIC FANTASIES to describe some of his work that seemed too scientific to be fantasy and too borderline to be scientifically plausible. SCIENCE FANTASY is still commonly used today to describe work of that nature.
1959 R. Eney Fancyclopaedia II (1979) 142 Science-fantasy , a classification sometimes used for science-fiction proper. But in this volume it designates science-fiction in which fantasy elements are vital—e g Lest Darkness Fall , in which hero Padway is struck by lightning and thus transferred to decadent Rome, where all his other actions are science-fictional; or those in which the author (like Ego Clarke in The City and The Stars ) depicts the accomplishments of a science so advanced that it merges with wish-fulfillment fantasy.
1967 R. Silverberg Voyagers in Time x Among some modern science-fiction writers, stories of time-travel are looked upon with faint disdain, because they are not really ‘scientific’. The purists prefer to place such stories in the category of science-fantasy , reserved for fiction based on ideas impossible to realize through modern technology. That is, a story about a trip to Mars is merely an extension of current science, so long as it sticks to accepted knowledge and does not try to persuade us that Mars is a lovely planet of fertile gardens. But a story about a trip in time is fantasy, since nothing in modern scientific belief leads anyone to think that building a time machine is ever going to be possible. I grant this distinction for what it is worth—but I don't think it's worth very much. In the long run, even the most careful science-fiction story turns out to have been science-fantasy, when we compare prophecy with fact; we need only look at fiction written as recently as 1955 to see how different the reality of the early space age is from the predictions. Science fiction—even the best of it—does not give us literal blueprints. It deals, rather, in images, in ideas, in rearrangements of modern concepts. Its intention is to provoke thought, to dazzle the senses, and to divert the mind wearied with this moment of now.
1970 ‘W. Atheling’ More Issues at Hand 98 In The Issue At Hand (p. 112) I noted that Avram Davidson, then editor of F&SF, once classified five of the stories in the August 1962 issue of his magazine as ‘science-fantasy,’ which I called ‘a term specially revived by his predecessor’ Robert P. Mills, ‘(independently of H.G. Wells, who meant something else by it) to cover the Aldiss “Hothouse” series.’
1970 ‘W. Atheling’ More Issues at Hand 100 The whole point of the modern usage of the term ‘science fantasy’, it seems to me, is is to define a kind of hybrid in which plausibility is specifically invoked for most of the story, but may be cast aside in patches at the author's whim and according to no visible system or principle.
1973 B. Aldiss Billion Year Spree 133 Tales of prehistory have always remained a sort of sub-genre of science fantasy.
1973 B. Aldiss Billion Year Spree 8 In many cases, it is impossible to separate science fiction from science fantasy, or either from fantasy, since both genres are part of fantasy.
1980 G. Wolfe What Do They Mean, SF? in Writer Aug. 13/1 A science fantasy story uses the means of science to achieve the spirit of fantasy. Like fantasy, science fantasy rests upon, and often abounds with, ‘impossible’ creatures and objects—girls asleep for centuries, one-eyed giants, weapons that can speak and may rebel. But it uses the methodology of science fiction to show that these things are not only possible but probable.
1980 M. Z. Bradley Darkover Retrospective in Planet Savers/Sword of Aldones (1982) 304 Donald A. Wollheim‥has done more to encourage fantasy and science-fantasy in this country during the lean years before ‘adult fantasy’ became respectable.
1980 Thrust Fall (verso front cover) (advt.) The second volume in Harrison's Viriconium Sequence takes place in a post-holocaust dream world of the far, far future: one peopled by feudal fantasy figures, spaceship captains, alchemist dwarves, and resurrected humans known as Reborn Men. A marvelous science fantasy sequel to The Pastel City.
1982 B. Searles et al. Reader's Guide to Fantasy 77 Besides a couple of novels in the ‘Conan’ series, Howard's major long work is Almuric , which is really of that curious hybrid genre, science fantasy. The earthly hero reaches another planet by a ‘space-transition machine’, but once there he finds it as chock full of magic and demons as any locale in Howard's fantasies.
2001 Locus June 69/3 This sort of tale pioneered the science fantasy tradition that in recent years has been so effectively exploited by Gene Wolfe.