Full record for fanzine n.

Definition a magazine for fans, esp. those of science fiction
OED requirements antedating 1940
Earliest cite L. Chauvenet 'Detours'
Comment Mike Christie submitted a 1952 cite from a letter to Planet Stories by Algis Budrys. Geri Sullivan submitted a 1944 cite from the Fancyclopedia. Ruth Berman submitted a 1942 cite from H.H. Holmes "Rocket to the Morgue". Keith Stokes submitted a 1941 cite from Bob Tucker and Everett Evans' fanzine "Le Zombie". Cory Panshin submitted a 1970 cite from Rolling Stone.

Hal Hall located a quote in Sam Moskowitz' research files from the October 1940 issue of Louis Russell Chauvenet's fanzine, "Detours". Alistair Durie located a copy and provided a cite from it. This appears to be the coinage of the term.

Earliest cite in the OED: 1949.

Last modified 6 July, 2008

Citations for fanzine n.

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1940 C. Chauvenet in Detours Oct. 6 There isn't much room for fanzine reviews in this issue. We liked Fanfare especially, and were quite satisfied with Spaceways , VoM , LeZ , Pluto , Futurian Observer , and Fantascience Digest , which seem to have been about the most worthwhile affairs to reach us lately.
1940 C. Chauvenet in Detours Oct. 6 We hereby protest against the un-euphonious word ‘fanag’ and announce our intention to plug fanzine as the best short form of ‘fan-magazine’.
1941 B. Tucker in Le Zombie Mar.–May 3 Specula March, 10¢, bi-monthly from 1426 W. 38 St., Los Angeles, Cal. You can't go wrong with this 76 small-page fiction fanzine.
1942 ‘H. H. Holmes’ Rocket to Morgue 135 But infinite numbers of pulp paper scientifiction magazines and those curious mimeographed fan bulletins that are known by the portmanteau name of fanzines, a complete set of Fowler Foulkes, almost as reverently bound as Hilary's, a goodly lot of Shiel and Stapledon.
1944 J. B. Speer Fancyclopaedia 33/2 Fanzine (Chauvenet), an amateur magazine published for fans. The first fanzines were club organs, published mainly for members and a few non-locals who might be interested. First important fanzine was The Time Traveller, 1932, which was absorbed by Science Fiction Digest and the combined mag shortly renamed Fantasy Magazine. Subscription fanzines blossomed thereafter at a quickening rate, and in 1937 came the newsie and around 1940 the individ fanzine.
1952 A. Budrys in Planet Stories Nov. 111/1 The advertising value of fanzines to promags is negligible, for the simple reason that anyone in sufficient contact with STF to read fanmags knows all about the prozines.
1955 Amazing Stories June 75 Fanzines are, as their name implies, magazines put out by fans. Such professional publications as Amazing and Fantastic are known as ‘prozines’.
1962 D. Franson Key to Terminology of S-F Fandom 18 Zine , magazine, fanzine or prozine.
1966 L. Carter Handy Phrase-Book in Fannish in If Oct. 66/1 Fan magazines themselves are called fanzines (the word was coined by Louis Russell Chauvenet) or fanmags—and the plural is ‘fmz’, but don't ask me how you pronounce it, because you don't.
1970 E. Ward in Rolling Stone 2 Dec. 26/1 The word fanzine is a term taken from science-fiction fandom, an old, bizarre, and respected avocation of many thousands of people around the world.
1976 P. Anthony What of Earth (1989) 277, I arranged with the editor of an amateur genre magazine (fanzine).
1979 M. Z. Bradley Stormqueen! (1991) p. v And so once, in a fanzine, I said firmly that if I should ever write a fantasy, my protagonist would be a man belonging to the alien world.
1980 M. Z. Bradley Darkover Retrospective in Planet Savers/Sword of Aldones (1982) v. 349 A whole issue of a feminist fanzine was devoted to ‘trashing’ the Amazons as being phony feminists.
1980 M. Z. Bradley Darkover Retrospective in Planet Savers/Sword of Aldones (1982) 310 Immediately I plunged over my head into the world of fanzines and amateur fan publishing.
1986 G. K. Wolfe Crit. Terms for Sci. Fiction & Fantasy 36 Sometimes carelessly used to refer to science fiction readership in general, fandom is more properly determined, as Algis Budrys points out, by participation in various ‘fannish’ activities such as conventions and fanzines, and may or may not be related to the extent or nature of one's reading in the genre.
1988 S. McCrumb Bimbos of Death Sun i. 9 Maybe a few dozen hours of collective neofans, all reading him fanzine press at once, would cure him of these paternal instincts.
1991 L. Niven et al. Fallen Angels 26 Too much risk he might let something slip into his fanzine.
1991 Sci. Fiction Writers of America Bulletin Fall 25/3 For some years all she did in print was publish fanzines to which I occasionally contributed.
1991 Locus Sept. 64/2 Louis Russell Chauvenet is stripped of the inventing of the term ‘fanzine’; it's as if the term were always there rather than the result of one person's inspiration.
1991 Locus Nov. 74/2 Chicon gave then perennial Hugo-loser Mike Glyer recognition ‘for keeping the fan in fanzine’.
1992 SFRA Rev. July–Aug.–Sept. 9 That category of publications‥hovers between pro-and fanzine status where we found many essays employing critical rigor and an eye for controversy.
1992 Locus June 67/1 He was a first-class physicist who had edited a fanzine in high school.
1992 Locus Aug. 50/2 Fanzine‥.Special Theodore Sturgeon issue, with anecdotes, tributes, etc.
1993 SFRA Rev. May 35 Also included is QF's convention schedule and information on filking fanzines which are available from other sources.
1993 Locus Oct. iv. 41/1 Nobody can make a living out of publishing a fanzine.
1993 Locus June 72/1 Breen was a very popular sf fanzine fan.
1994 Interzone Mar. 26/2 People who go to cons and meetings, write fanzines, who consciously think of themselves as fans—would still be a tiny minority of the reading public.
1994 SFRA Rev. July 22 These annuals provide access by author and title to reviews in about 65 magazines, including academic journals, selected fanzines, library and book trade journals.
1994 Sci Fi Entertainment Aug. 70/2 Nearly half the book is devoted to reviews of fan publications, including fanzine.
1995 Sci Fi Entertainment Feb. 35/2 A following that encompasses five fan clubs, seven dedicated fanzines, and fan sections in all the major on-line services.
2001 Locus June 76/3 He was also the publisher-cum-editor of‥the most important French fanzine of the times.