Full record for force-beam n.

Definition = tractor beam or pressor beam
OED requirements antedating 1930
Earliest cite Edmond Hamilton, 'The Universe Wreckers'
Comment Fred Galvin submitted a cite from a 1983 reprint of C. L. Moore's 1939 "Greater Than Gods"; Mike Christie verified it in the first publication.
Fred Galvin submitted a 1964 cite from Harry Harrison's "Final Encounter".
Fred Galvin submitted a July 1930 cite from Edmond Hamilton's "The Universe Wreckers".
Fred Galvin submitted a 1953 cite from Richard S. Shaver's "Beyond the Barrier".
Fred Galvin submitted a 1951 cite from H. B. Fyfe's "Thinking Machine".
Fred Galvin submitted a cite from a 1974 reprint of Isaac Asimov's 1956 "The Last Question".
Fred Galvin submitted a cite from a 1960s reprint of Edmond Hamilton's "The Comet Drivers": we would like to verify this in its original publication (Weird Tales, February 1930).
Last modified 29 June, 2009

Citations for force-beam n.

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1939 C. L. Moore Greater Than Gods in Astounding Sci.-Fiction July 159/2 William Cory, there seems to be a question in your mind as to whether we could reach you with our weapons. Let me assure you that the force-beam which connects us can carry more than sight and sound into your world! I hope I shan't have to demonstrate that.
1964 H. Harrison Final Encounter in Galaxy Mag. Apr. 146/1 There was no mechanical propulsion visible, but the sphere came swooping up towards their ship where it swung in orbit above the golden planetoid. The sphere stopped, just outside the ship and clearly visible from the viewports, bobbing in a small arc. ‘Some sort of force beam,’ Hautamaki said, ‘though nothing registers on the hull instruments.’
1964 H. Harrison Final Encounter in Galaxy Mag. Apr. 146/1 There was no mechanical propulsion visible, but the sphere came swooping up towards their ship where it swung in orbit above the golden planetoid. The sphere stopped, just outside the ship and clearly visible from the viewports, bobbing in a small arc. ‘Some sort of force beam,’ Hautamaki said, ‘though nothing registers on the hull instruments.’
1965 E. Hamilton Comet Drivers in Crashing Suns 133 If we can reach the great oncoming comet, can penetrate through its deadly coma to the solid nucleus at its center, can deflect that nucleus with our force-beams before the twelfth day ends, we will have turned the great comet aside, will have saved the galaxy itself from death.
1974 I. Asimov Last Question in Nine Tomorrows 197 It was on a little world of its own, a spider webbing of force-beams holding the matter within which surges of sub-mesons took the place of the old clumsy molecular valves.