|Definition||an intelligent being, including humans as well as intelligent aliens|
|OED requirements||antedating 1967|
|Earliest cite||P. Anderson 'The Trouble Twisters'|
|Comment||Eric Raymond submitted a 1968 cite from Poul Anderson's "Satan's World". Malcom Farmer submitted a cite from a 1969 reprint of Poul Anderson's "The Trouble Twisters"; Douglas Winston submitted a cite from a 1967 reprint of "The Trouble Twisters"; we would like to check the 1966 first edition. William Howe submitted a 1992 cite from Eluki Bes Shahar's "Darktraders".
Enoch Forrester submitted a cite from a 1993 reprint of Vernor Vinge's 1992 novel "A Fire Upon the Deep". Cory Panshin submitted a 1973 cite from Joanna Russ' book reviews in F&SF. Malcolm Farmer submitted a 1996 cite from Wolf Read's "Epona". Edward Bornstein submitted a cite from a 1989 reprint of David Brin's 1980 "Sundiver". Enoch Forrester identified and Edward Bornstein confirmed a 1996 cite from S.M. Stirling's "Drakon".
We found an article by Poul Anderson in which he credited Karen Anderson with coining the word: we also received email from Karen confirming this, so the first use in print of this word will be found somewhere amongst the works of Poul Anderson. We would like to verify the usage in the 1966 first edition of the Trouble Twisters, or in any earlier work by Anderson.
We received a cite from Mark McMcSweeny from a 1980 reprint of Poul Anderson's "Agent of the Terran Empire", in the 1951 story "Tiger by the Tail". However, the cite refers to races prominent in Anderson's stories from the 1970s (Ythrians, Merseians), so the use of "sophont" may be a 1980 insertion. We would like to know whether the word occurs in previous versons of the story, whether in the first edition of "Agent of the Terran Empire" (1965), or the original publication of Tiger by the Tail in Planet Stories, January 1951.
|Last modified||13 May, 2011|
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|1966 P. Anderson Trouble Twisters (1969) 57||Likewise with the psychology of intelligent species. Most sophonts indeed possess basic instincts which diverge more or less from man's. With those of radically alien motivations we have little contact.|
|1966 P. Anderson Trouble Twisters (1967) 56||Likewise with the psychology of intelligent species. Most sophonts indeed possess basic instincts which diverge more or less from man's.|
|1968 P. Anderson in Analog Sci. Fiction/Fact May 28/2||From Lunograd, the Hotel Universe challenges a galaxy: ‘No oxygen-breathing sophont exists for whom we cannot provide suitable accommodation.’|
|1973 J. Russ in Fantasy & Sci. Fiction Feb. 27/1||The book's message seems to be that one ought to consider unhuman sophonts (‘animaloids’) one's brothers; that is why a horse-like sophont, the one individualized alien in the book, is told ‘there, there, old fellow’ and patted on the neck.|
|1980 D. Brin Sundiver ii.iv. 46||Homo sapiens—just as every other known race of sophonts—was part of a chain of genetic and cultural uplifting that stretched back to the fabled early days of the galaxy.|
|1980 D. Brin Sundiver (1989) 46||The other side held that homo sapiens—just as every other known race of sophonts—was part of a chain of genetic and cultural uplifting that stretched back to the fabled early days of the galaxy, the time of the Progenitors.|
|1992 V. Vinge Fire upon Deep (1993) 84||Ravna knew the Org would be eavesdropping, and she'd already told Grondr her misgivings about this ‘selling’ of a sophont.|
|1992 V. Vinge Fire upon Deep i. vii. 46||She'd already told Grondr her misgivings about this ‘selling’ of a sophont.|
|1992 E. Bes Shahar Darktraders 15||We went wayaways to a place with ‘personal and private place for very important sophont’ stamped all over it in Intersign glyphs.|
|1996 S. M. Stirling Drakon 7||The Cygnus Nine probe had reported in, and there was not only a habitable planet, but an intelligent species on it. That made her flip the aircraft up, let it do the piloting and take notice; that was only the second race of sophonts found so far, in scores of systems.|
|1996 Interzone Jan. 46/2||Interstellar cooperation and competition is based on music. It's the one arena in which all the multiform and multi-skilled sophonts can find common ground.|
|1996 W. Read in Analog Sci. Fiction & Fact Nov. 80/2||One lineage of avians has produced Epona's sophont, the uther. Singularly the most fascinating physiological trait of the species is the interdependence of the parent and neonate.|