Full record for groundhog n.

Definition a person who has never been in space
OED requirements antedating 1942
Earliest cite Robert Heinlein, 'Waldo'
Comment An extended use of the aviation sense, 'a person who has never been in an airplane', which dates to 1926.

Mike Christie submitted a 1942 citation from Robert Heinlein's "Waldo". Malcolm Farmer submitted a cite from a 1996 reprint of Gregory Benford's 1994 "Sleepstory". Douglas Winston submitted a cite from a reprint of John Varley's "Bagatelle"; Mike Christie verified the cite in the 1976 first magazine appearance. Douglas Winston submitted a cite from a 1990 reprint of Michael McCollum's "Life Probe". Douglas Winston submitted a cite from a 1992 reprint of John Barnes' "Orbital Resonance". Douglas Winston submitted a 1999 cite from Jack L. Chalker's "Priam's Lens".

Last modified 6 July, 2008

Citations for groundhog n.

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1942 ‘A. MacDonald’ in Astounding Sci. Fiction Aug. 18/2 Stevens streaked in after him, displaying a groundhog's harmless pride in handling himself well in space conditions.
1942 ‘A. MacDonald’ in Astounding Sci. Fiction Aug. 19/1 It is hard for a groundhog to dismiss the notion of weight.
1976 J. Varley Bagatelle in Galaxy, Incorporating Worlds of If Oct. 10/1 What are you‥get your hand off me you‥you groundhog.
1983 M. McCollum Life Probe i. 16 Spacers pick up careful habits‥if they live long enough. Where a groundhog would have left the record for later, Brea always checked and double checked everything.
1994 G. Benford Sleepstory in Matter's End (1996) 59 Even after the human race had moved into the near-Earth orbits, scattering their spindly factories and cylinder-cities and rock-hopping entrepreneurs, the human race was dominated by nay-saying groundhogs.
1994 G. Benford Sleepstory in Matter's End (1996) 59 Even after the human race had moved into the near-Earth orbits, scattering their spindly factories and cylinder-cities and rock-hopping entrepreneurs, the human race was dominated by nay-saying groundhogs.
1999 J. L. Chalker Priam's Lens ii. 17 Sharing birth years was an old sport among spacers, although not between them and the groundhogs.