Full record for nightside n.

Definition that part of an astronomical body facing away from the Sun.
OED requirements antedating 1914
Earliest cite John R. Kippax, 'The Call of the Stars'
Comment Fred Galvin submitted a cite for "night-side" from a 1964 reprint of Eric Frank Russell's 1955 story "The Waitabits".
Fred Galvin submitted a cite for "night side" from a 1949 reprint of Stanley G. Weinbaum's "Parasite Planet": we would like to verify this in its first publication (Astounding Stories, February 1935): this source also used "night-side" as an adjective
Fred Galvin submitted an October 1935 cite from Alexander M. Phillips' "Martian Gesture"
Fred Galvin submitted a 1914 cite for "night side" from John R. Kippax's "The Call of the Stars"
Last modified 30 July, 2019

Citations for nightside n.

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1914 J.R. Kippax Call of Stars 334 The day side of the Moon is exposed to the Sun's intense heat for a fortnight at a stretch, the temperature rising very high, probably reaching the boiling point, whilst through the long lunar night of a fortnight, the surface freezes in the icy cold, the temperature of the night side of the Moon falling very low, perhaps to 200 or 250 below zero.
1935 A. M. Phillips Martian Gesture in Wonder Stories Oct. 624/1 Only to the astronomer, ic Dalfca, did the unbroken darkness of Earth's night-side have a sad significance.
1935 Astounding Stories Feb. 54/1 He mused; his shack had been situated rather nearer the hot edge of the twilight zone; it was a trifle over two hundred and fifty miles to the shadow line, though of course that varied with the libration. But one couldn't approach the line too closely, anyway, because of the fierce, almost inconceivable, storms that raged where the hot upper winds encountered the icy blasts of the night side, giving rise to the birth throes of the ice barrier.
1935 Astounding Stories Feb. 69 It was not known then that while the night-side life of Venus can eat and digest that of the day side, the reverse is not true. No day-side creature can absorb the dark life because of the presence of various metabolic alcohols, all poisonous.
1935 S.G. Weinbaum Lotus Eaters in Astounding Stories Apr. 58/2 Triops noctivivans actually is a night-side creature, and those in the mountains are outposts or fragments that've wandered into the sunless chasms.
1941 Cosmic Stories Mar. They must have landed on the nightside of the artificial asteroid, for he could see the blazing corona of the sun eclipsed by the sphere on which he was standing.
1955 E. F. Russell Waitabits in Astounding Sci. Fiction July 73/1 The Thunderer went up, came down four hundred miles within the night-side. The tactic, decided Leigh, represented a right smart piece of figuring. Aroused aliens on the day-side would now require about twelve days to reach them.
1986 A. C. Clarke Songs of Distant Earth 34 We saw the lights of their cities–towns, at least–as soon as we had a good view of the nightside.
1988 A. C. Clarke 2061: Odyssey Three 53 ‘Coming in from the nightside–heading straight for Mount Zeus.’
1988 A. C. Clarke 2061: Odyssey Three 40 Though the somewhat misnamed ‘nightside’ of the satellite was still permanently frozen, an area as large as Africa now had a temperate climate, liquid water, and a few scattered islands.
1989 D. Dvorkin & D. Dvorkin Star Trek: Next Generation: Captains' Honor i. 19 City lights glittering on the nightside and winking out as daylight raced across the planetary surface.
1993 D. Beason & K. J. Anderson Assemblers of Infinity ii.23 New windows opened to display telemetry, a CAD animation showing the attitude of the hopper and a rotating globe of the Moon displaying trajectories with a targeting cross over Daedalus Crater on the nightside.
2004 P. F. Hamilton Pandora's Star xxiv. 801 They were a thousand kilometres above Anshun's nightside equator, and curving round above the second-largest ocean.
2005 R. J. Sawyer Mindscan xiii. 89, I watched as the nightside part of Earth–lenticular in this perspective, like a cat's black pupil abutting the blue crescent of the dayside–kissed the gray lunar horizon.