Full record for Martian n.

Definition an (imagined) inhabitant of Mars
OED requirements antedating 1883
Earliest cite W. S. Lach-Szyrma's "Aleriel"
Comment Fred Galvin submitted a cite from no later than 1891 from the fourth edition of Richard Proctor's "Other Worlds Than Ours"; however, the 1874 edition was checked and does not contain "Martian". We would like to check any later editions that pre-date 1883.

First citation in OED: Lach-Szyrma.

Last modified 31 July, 2019

Citations for Martian n.

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1941 Cosmic Stories Mar. A science-fiction club, in case you're not familiar with one, is a group of young fellows who read the science fiction magazines regularly, sometimes collect them, and like to meet once in a while to talk over the various ideas presented in them–like interplanetary flight, Martians, time travel and so forth.
1943 C. D. Simak Hunch in Astounding Sci.-Fiction July 19/1 It was a roundabout way, a long way, an awkward way to read the language of Mars, Monk reflected. Martian to Jovian to Earthian. But it was better than no way at all.
1947 R. Abernathy Failure on Titan in Planet Stories Winter 63/1 It was a minute before she could command her voice; then she told Paul Gedner what he was, in terms that Leo Chaikoski would never have thought of, in English, Spanish, and Martian.
1948 L. Brackett Beast-Jewel of Mars in Planet Stories Winter 16/1 She stared with half-blind eyes at the Earthman, and suddenly she spoke, in sonorous High Martian, a tongue as antique on Mars as Sanskrit is on Earth.
1953 L. S. de Camp Science Fiction Handbook 249 How do you represent the speech of a man who is ‘really’ speaking some tongue other than modern English–say Chinese or Old High Martian?
1957 E. Hamilton World of Never-Men in Imaginative Tales July 7/1 ‘Come out of there,’ he said in rapid Martian.
1966 A. Panshin in Riverside Q. Jan. 45 The story's premises are not true: there are no Martians of the sort Heinlein writes of, and no super powers are available to those who think proper Martian thoughts.
1969 V. Heinlein Let. 28 Aug. in R. A. Heinlein & V. Heinlein Grumbles from Grave (1990) 178 I seem to be translating Giles Goat Boy into late Martian.
1969 V. Heinlein Let. 28 Aug. in R. A. Heinlein & V. Heinlein Grumbles from Grave (1990) 178 I seem to be translating Giles Goat Boy into late Martian.
1976 C. Holland Floating Worlds (1977) 303 The Martians went back again as soon as we left.
1985 G. A. Effinger Nick of Time (1987) 12 The management of the Fair had taken the opportunity to show what would happen if Martians took it into their pointy little green heads to attack the 1939 New York World's Fair.
1993 A. C. Clarke Hammer of God 64 Olympus Mons was the best example. Martians were fond of saying that it was three times the height of any mountain on Earth ?
1993 G. Bear Moving Mars 177 Martians have never smuggled designs and never sought to infringe patents.
1994 Sci. Fiction Age July 84/2 And the lust for destruction exhibited by the Martians was simultaneously more petty.