Full record for Luna n.

Definition Earth's moon
OED requirements antedating 1931
Earliest cite in Raymond Gallun's "The Lunar Chrysalis"
Comment The sense of Luna as a personification of the moon is in the OED with cites back to 1529.

Mike Christie submitted a 1945 cite from Murray Leinster's "The Ethical Equations". Bill Seabrook located and Mike Christie confirmed a 1942 cite from Theodore Sturgeon's "Medusa".

Imran Ghory submitted a cite from a reprint of Isaac Asimov's "Trends"; Mike Christie confirmed the 1939 original appearance. Rick Hauptmann submitted a 1937 cite from "Elegy to a Dead Satellite: Luna", a poem by Frederik Pohl. Rick Hauptmann submitted a 1931 cite from Raymond Gallun's "The Lunar Chrysalis".

Last modified 31 July, 2019

Citations for Luna n.

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1931 R. Gallun in Amazing Stories Sept. 528/2, I never regretted my decision to be one of the first men to visit Luna.
1934 A. Merritt Last Poet & Robots in E. S. Rabkin Sci. Fiction: Historical Anthol. (1983) 263 When the message from Luna, outlining the course to be followed and setting the starting date, arrived, the space fleet was ready to leave.
1937 Amazing Stories Oct. 136 (heading), Elegy to a Dead Satellite: Luna.
1937 J. D. Clark Minus Planet Apr. in I. Asimov et al. Isaac Asimov Presents Best Science Fiction Firsts (1984) 18 Some fifty of them were drilled, most of them parallel, but a few at divergent angles, to act as the steering mechanism of the huge space ship into which Luna was being converted.
1939 I. Asimov in Astounding Sci. Fiction July 45/2 Curiously enough, there was little resentment of the fact. Men were impressed and awed; the crowd whispered and cast inquisitive glances at the dim crescent of Luna, scarcely seen in the bright sunlight. Over all, an uneasy pall of silence, the silence of indecision, lay.
1942 ‘T. Sturgeon’ in Astounding Sci. Fiction Feb. 88/1 Xantippe was a strangely dull planet, even this close to its star. She shone dead silver, like a moonlit corpse's flesh. She was wrinkled and patched, and–perhaps it was an etheric disturbance–she seemed to pulsate slowly from pole to pole. She wasn't quite round; more nearly an ovoid, with the smaller end toward Betelgeuse! She was between two and three times the size of Luna.
1945 ‘M. Leinster’ in Astounding Sci. Fiction June 120/2 Freddy Holmes, newly commissioned and assigned to the detector station on Luna which keeps track of asteroids and meteor streams, had discovered a small object coming in over Neptune.
1970 P. Anderson Tau Zero (1973) 19 He entered kindergarten two years before the first maser messages from it reached Farside Station on Luna.
1979 J. Varley Titan (1987) 8 They felt the money could be better spent on Earth, on Luna, and at the L5 colonies.
1991 J. Varley Steel Beach (1993) 95, I felt oddly at peace, lying in the moonlit darkness (there was a charming notion: Luna looked tiny and dim compared to a full Earth) listening to the rain falling on the canvas.
1993 P. Anderson Harvest of Stars (1994) 238 It left the ship in the vicinity of Earth, the ship probably being bound for Luna.
1999 A. Thomson Through Alien Eyes (2000) ii. 71 Dr. Louise Caisson?previously served as a researcher at the Center for Contagious Diseases on Luna.
2001 Locus June 17/1 The glamour of early life on Luna was wearing off for Max.